The Castril National Park is part of a huge wilderness which includes the parks of Cazorla, Segura and Castril. On its own, it covers an area of 123 km2 (47 square miles) but with Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Natural Park (2,100 square kilometres (810 square miles)) the total area is 2,222km2 (857 square miles) which is 1.4 times the area of Greater London. The parks are renowned for their wildlife, which includes griffon vultures and wild boar as well as a huge variety of wildflowers which includes many alpine species. At the southernmost edge of the park lies the historical town of Castril.
The town has a rich history including extended battles between the Moors and the Catholic Kings who lost many men over the taking of 'La Peña' which is now an archaeological site of great interest. The town is ideally situated for walkers and many routes can be accessed without recourse to a vehicle.
To the south of the town of Castril is the continuation of the valley through the Altiplano to Cortes de Baza and Lake Negratin.